Metabolomics: An Emerging yet Powerful Tool in Clinical Research and Development
Genomics is the study of genetic material within a cell, and transcriptomics is the study of gene activity in different cells. Likewise, metabolomics refers to the study of byproducts of metabolism.
Scientific fields involved in high throughput measurement of biological molecules are referred with the suffix-omics including, transcriptomics, genomics, proteomics and metabolomics. Although, metabolomics is a relatively new field, results generated through studies directly reflect the molecular phenotype of cells or tissues, thus making it a promising tool than its counterparts for preventive healthcare and pharmaceutical industries. Metabolomics can be defined as the process of large-scale, high-throughput analysis of small molecules found in cells, tissues, biological fluids, or organisms. Since, several reactions occur continuously within cells, metabolite concentrations are thought to be very dynamic and can change drastically from one stage in the process to the next which makes analysis of metabolome challenging.
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