What are gastrointestinal diseases?

Posted 4 months ago in HEALTH EATING.

A disease that occurs in a person's gastrointestinal (GI) tract is known as a gastrointestinal disorder. This passage contains some hollow organs that make a long way from our mouth to our anus.

What are gastrointestinal diseases?

Thus, it includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus. Many conditions affect the gastrointestinal tract, which can interfere with digestion and, ultimately, with a person's overall health.

Various gastrointestinal or digestive disorders

These are the different types of gastrointestinal disorders:

Celiac Disease:

The small intestine is hypersensitive to gluten. When gluten is ingested, the immune system attacks and damages the villi in the small intestine. It interferes with the absorption of nutrients.

Constipation:

This indicates the appearance of hard and dry stools. Constipation is caused by certain medications, low fiber intake, and inactivity.

Crohn's disease:

Inflammatory patches appear in the gastrointestinal tract and cause diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, or blood/mucus in the stool. Diet and stress are the main reasons that aggravate the problem.

It is a type of colitis that can cause rectal bleeding, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea. Colonoscopy and biopsy are used for diagnosis.

Diverticular disease:

In this disease, diverticula or small pouches appear in the intestines. If undigested food gets trapped in them, it can cause pain, constipation, and cramps. A low fiber diet can lead to diverticular disease.

Acid reflux:

It is also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. There is a muscle around the entrance to the abdomen. When it is weakened, partially digested food flows back up the esophagus, causing chest pain, nausea, and heartburn.

Anal hemorrhoids and fissures:

When there is inflammation in the anal cushion, this can occur internally or externally, resulting in bleeding during bowel movements. In the case of anal fissures, tears appear in the anal lines and can be prevented with a diet rich in fiber.

Colon polyps and cancer:

It is one of the ten most common forms of cancer in India, but if caught early and treated properly, it can be cured. Screening tests can be used to prevent, diagnose, and treat.

Diarrhea:

It is caused by bacteria like Norovirus or Campylobacter, Salmonella, Escherichia. Often has the desire to go to the bathroom to defecate, which is loose and with water. Numbness, vomiting, and abdominal pain can also occur.

Gastrointestinal symptoms

The various symptoms of digestive disorders are as follows:

  • Gas in the gastrointestinal tract
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Numbness
  • Low fever

Treatment of gastrointestinal disorders:

The treatment of digestive disorders is specific according to the diagnosis and the identified difficulty.

Here are some common types of gastrointestinal disorders:

  • The person should rest and drink enough water.
  • Rice, applesauce, toast, and bananas are some of the foods that should be taken since they are easily digested.
  • Dairy products and spicy foods should be avoided as they can upset the digestive system.
  • Medicines and laxatives prescribed by a doctor should be taken.
  • If the person feels nauseous, the doctor may ask for advice on an anti-nausea dose.
  • In the case of colon cancer, a person may not be able to detect symptoms. It must be tested for it before it reaches the advanced level.

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Henry Klasen

Living in India

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